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Porquerolles' agricultural history
Behind the rocky barrier of Cap des Mèdes, the central plains of Porquerolles Island are home to cultivated land. While Phocaen remains of terraced crops have been found at Pointe de la Galère, the island owes its agricultural orientation to the Romans. The historical testimonies evoke cultures of cereals, olive trees, and vines. Porquerolles' agricultural development is also linked to its last private owner, François Joseph Fournier, who acquired the island in 1912. He planned to establish a model farm intended to provide the inhabitants with food autonomy. He organized the cultivation of the plains and abandoned forests, set up market gardening greenhouses, installed infrastructures (electrical plant, grocery store, cooperative, dispensary), and organized maritime services to the island. The 494 acres (200 ha) of vines of the island then produced 12,000 hectoliters of wine, and its cellars were the largest in the Var department.
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