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The Welche country
The Kaysersberg Valley, where Riquewihr is located, forms the Welche country. The Alsatians using the Romance language of the Vosges valleys were called "Welsch" by those of German language. Voltaire transformed the expression into "Welche" in French literature. Welche country's geographical border follows the blue line of the Vosges. With the influence of the Holy Roman Empire, the dialect mixed with German. The peasant world continued to speak it until the Second World War.
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