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From Heraclea to Saint-Tropez
Colloquially called Saint-Trop' following the enthusiasm of the artists of the New Wave and the Yéyés as explained by Boris Vian in the short film he devoted to the city in 1952, Saint-Tropez took its current name in 1801, after its creation in 1793 under that of Heraclea. Legend has it that the name of Saint-Tropez would come from an officer of Roman Emperor Nero, Caius Silvius Torpetius, who became Saint Tropez of Pisa after being beheaded for being converted by Saint Paul. His body, thrown into a boat on the Arno river, would have run aground on the shore of Heraclea, the future Saint-Tropez. In fact, the name of Heraclea probably comes from a small pagan Roman temple dedicated to Hercules erected at the foot of the village. It would have been destroyed by the Christians and replaced by the castrum of Sant-Tropé, named after their holy founder. This process reflects a toponymic substitution typical of the consolidation of Christianity in the region.
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