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From Castrum Novum to Châteauneuf-du-Pape
The first written traces dedicated to the village of Châteauneuf-du-Pape date back to an act of 1094 in which it was mentioned under the name Castrum Novum (new fortified village). The denomination Châteauneuf-Calciner appeared in an act by the Bishop of Avignon in 1218 in reference to the economic importance of the various lime kilns of the village and as a means of distinguishing it from its many namesakes. After having been briefly baptized Châteauneuf d'Avignon after the Revolution, the village was officially named Châteauneuf-du-Pape in 1893. This name honors the castle built in the 14th century at the initiative of Pope John XXII to serve as a holiday resort for the Popes responsible for the wine reputation of the village.
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