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Charlemagne’s Capitulary
Around the year 795, Emperor Charlemagne promulgated the capitulary “De villis”, in which he listed the plants to be cultivated in royal houses, abbeys, monasteries, hospitals, sick bays, and leprosaria. The ordinance presented and described 88 plants recommended in everyday life for treatment, food, and clothing. A list of medicinal, aromatic, dyeing, textile, fruit and vegetable plants that allowed for self-sufficiency. Three centuries later, the monks of the Cistercian abbeys still followed these recommendations in their “herbularius” (simple garden), “hortulus” (vegetable garden), and “pommarium” (orchard).
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